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Critical Technology Protection

On behalf of the Secretary of Defense, the Defense Security Service (DSS) serves as the Cognizant Security Office providing oversight to approximately 10,000 cleared U.S. companies under the National Industrial Security Program (NISP). The DSS ensures the sensitive and classified U.S. Government and foreign government information, technologies, and material entrusted to cleared industry is properly protected.

The mission of the CI Directorate is to identify and stop attempts by our nation's adversaries to steal sensitive national security information and technologies from cleared industry and to keep U.S. Government leaders informed of the threat.

The IO Directorate supports the agency's overarching mission by clearing industrial facilities, personnel, and associated information systems (approximately 10,000 cleared companies and 13,000 cleared facilities). IO serves as the primary interface between the Federal Government and industry, providing daily oversight, advice, and assistance to cleared companies and ultimately determining the ability of those companies to protect classified information. IO also plays a significant role in identifying potential threats and intrusions by adversaries on industry information technology systems and working with industry to develop solutions.

The ISIA Directorate provides headquarters support to field operations and cleared industry on industrial and personnel security policy, mitigation of foreign ownership, control or influence (FOCI), implementation of FOCI countermeasures, and administration of international programs.

Ongoing Initiatives:

Critical Technology Protection

DSS in Transition (DiT):

The Nation is facing a foreign intelligence threat that is unprecedented in our history. The increased threat is a result of advances in technology (primarily cyber), science, and the globalization of business and the American workforce.

The role of non-traditional collectors has increased significantly, and these factors have combined to cause the Nation to lose significant amounts of technology and information, most of which is unclassified. Pending classified application, the vast majority of research and development is done at the unclassified level; consequently, emerging critical technology and information is stolen before it is deemed classified.

To address this evolving threat, DSS is changing its approach to security oversight, moving from a focus on schedule-driven compliance to intelligence-led, asset-focused, and threat-driven security oversight.