Discrimination FAQs

  1. What is illegal discrimination?
  2. What are the theories of discrimination?
  3. What is disparate treatment?
  4. What is adverse impact?
  5. What do I do if I feel I am being discriminated against?

  1. What is illegal discrimination?
    Making an employment decision based on a prohibited factor such as: race, gender, color, religion, national origin, age, disability (mental or physical), reprisal (for prior EEO involvement), or sexual orientation.
  2. What are the theories of discrimination?
    There are two theories of discrimination: (1) disparate treatment and, (2) adverse impact.
  3. What is disparate treatment?
    Disparate treatment occurs when an employee is intentionally treated differently from other employees who are in similar situations because of a prohibited factor (race, gender, color, religion, national origin, age, disability, reprisal (for prior EEO involvement), or sexual orientation).
  4. What is adverse impact?
    Adverse impact occurs when a system is designed to treat everyone equally, but in reality, it more harshly impacts a certain protected group and it cannot be justified by business necessity.
  5. What do I do if I feel I am being discriminated against?
    Contact an EEO Counselor or the Office of Diversity Management within 45 days from the date of the alleged discriminatory event.