UNCLASSIFIED

Targeting U.S. Technologies

Regional Collection Trends


Europe and Eurasia

Overview

In FY06-FY07, the Europe and Eurasia region ranked as the third most common originator of contacts assessed as being possible attempts to acquire sensitive information or restricted technology from Cleared Defense Contractors (CDCs). The 348 reported incidents in FY06-FY07 represented a nominal decrease over FY04-FY05 figures when DSS attributed 364 collection attempts to that region. Defense industry reporting indicated "Government Associated" and "Commercial" entities were responsible for the majority of the targeting efforts. These entities used "Request for Information" (RFI) as the predominant Method of Operation (MO) to procure restricted, classified, and proprietary technology. Furthermore, Europe and Eurasia actors focused their collection efforts on "Information Systems" technology, especially information communications sub-category.

Collector Affiliations

In FY06-FY07, defense industry reporting indicated "Government Associated" and "Commercial" collectors were responsible for the majority of the targeting efforts. These two affiliation categories were responsible for a combined total of 60 percent of all Europe and Eurasia collection efforts. Analyst Comment: Although DSS noted overall increases from other regions in the use of commercial affiliations, the increase in the government associated category of collectors emanating from Europe and Eurasia is likely associated with government officials publicly elevating military development to a national task. (Confidence Level: Moderate)

Affiliations

Methods of Operation

In FY06-FY07, the top three MOs Europe and Eurasia collectors used accounted for nearly 80 percent of all reported incidents involving suspicious entities. The top three MOs for FY06-FY07 were "RFI," "Attempted Acquisition of Technology," and "Solicitation and Marketing of Services." Entities originating from Europe and Eurasia continued their use of "RFI" as a preferred collection MO, although it registered a decrease from 47 percent in FY04-FY05 to 36 percent in FY06-FY07. Conversely, "Attempted Acquisition of Controlled Technology" significantly increased to 30 percent while "Soliciting and Marketing of Services" nominally increased to 13 percent. Analyst Comment: Europe and Eurasia actors are highly unlikely to change their collection techniques. The exponential growth of the Internet and use of email accounts have all but eliminated national boundaries, making RFI a virtually risk-free option. (Confidence Level: High)

Methods of Operation

Targeted Technologies

Europe and Eurasia top five targeted technologies did not change significantly from FY04-FY05. Most of the categories remained the same, except for "Electronics Technology" which fell from fifth to sixth position in the hierarchy. "Information Systems" technology remained the most sought after technology with collection focused on the information communications sub-category. Interestingly, "Aeronautics Technology" saw a moderate increase, which is likely attributed with Europe and Eurasia entities aggressively pursuing aircraft / aviation industry technology, specifically focusing on unmanned aerial vehicle technology and components.

Targeted Technologies

Analytical Forecast

Entities originating from Europe and Eurasia will likely remain focused on acquiring advanced technologies to strengthen their R&D programs. The desire to rejuvenate indigenous defense industries are likely to lead government associated and commercial entities to seek out business ventures with U.S. companies in an effort to acquire desirable western technologies. Additionally, Europe and Eurasia actors will continue to pursue dual-use technologies that have the potential to assist in the development of advanced weapon systems or improve upon Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) applications. (Confidence Level: Moderate)

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