Targeting U.S. Technologies

Other Regions

In the past, the Defense Security Service has limited coverage in the unclassified version of Targeting U.S. Technologies: A Trend Analysis of Reporting from Defense Industry to the four regions most active in collection attempts, as measured by industry reporting. This year, for the first time, DSS included attribution to other world regions of reported cases of illicit collection attempts to provide a more complete picture of world-wide targeting.

Together, reported cases traceable to the Western Hemisphere and Africa combined were less than ten percent of the world total for both FY09 and FY10. However, like all regions, these areas showed increases in reported attempts to obtain illegal or unauthorized access to classified information or technologies resident in the U.S. cleared industrial base. Reported collection attempts from the Western Hemisphere more than doubled from last year.

The Western Hemisphere relies more on commercial entities than any other affiliation, although on a percentage basis this tendency declined from last year. Whereas collectors attributed to the African region previously had been overwhelmingly government entities, in FY10 over half were commercial.

In both FY09 and FY10, both regions relied heavily on direct approaches, now labeled requests for information (RFIs). In FY10, RFIs accounted for nearly 60 percent of reported Africa-originated cases and around 70 percent of the Western Hemisphere cases.

Based on industry reporting in FY10, both regions are most actively seeking information systems; lasers, optics, and sensors; aeronautic systems; and electronics systems. Regarding Africa, reported collection efforts both increased in numbers from FY09 and broadened in the categories of technologies targeted. Within the FY10 Africa data, DSS analysis identified a focus on unmanned ground and aerial systems and associated technologies. This can likely be attributed to several African nations' desires to increase the intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities of their ground forces to counter internal political instability and threats originating from neighboring countries.

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