Targeting U.S. Technologies
Background

Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction, 5200.39, dated July 16, 2008, requires DSS to publish a classified report, as well as an unclassified companion report, detailing suspicious contacts occurring within the cleared defense contractor (CDC) community indicative of a foreign threat to personnel, information, and technologies resident in the United States cleared defense industrial base. In accordance with this instruction, DSS disseminates these reports to the DoD counterintelligence (CI) community, national entities, and the CDC community to assist in general threat awareness, to identify specific technologies at risk, and to aid in the application of appropriate threat countermeasures. DSS receives and analyzes suspicious contact reports (SCRs) from CDCs in accordance with reporting requirements as stated in Chapter 1, Section 3 of the National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual, 5220.22-M, dated February 28, 2006. Based on an analysis of these SCRs, DSS prepared this report.

This trends report covers information regarding the most prolific foreign collectors targeting the CDC community during fiscal year 2008 (FY08) as compared to the previous fiscal year. The report includes statistical and trends analysis on foreign collector affiliations, the traditional methods foreign entities used to target the CDC community, and the specific technology sectors that they targeted. Each section also contains an analytical assessment forecasting potential future activities against the CDC community.

This trends report also provides specific information on unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology acquisition in United States cleared defense industry. DSS has determined a separate section is warranted to address this growing collection area. This section provides a definition of UAV systems that foreign collectors target, analysis based on reporting from defense industry, and the UAV collector methodology.

This report is published as part of the agency's ongoing effort to enhance awareness of foreign entities targeting the United States' cleared defense industry and to encourage reporting of such incidents as they occur. It illuminates the entities' modus operandi to acquire information concerning specific technologies, identifies at-risk technologies, and projects estimates of foreign collectors' likely future activities. This report is also intended as a ready reference tool for the use of security professionals in their efforts to detect, deter, mitigate, or neutralize the effects of foreign targeting.

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